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Publication in the Journal of Extracellular Biology by Claudia Arzt, MSc, Eva Grasmann, MSc, Dr. Han Fang, Univ.-Doz. Dr. Mario Gimona and Univ.-Prof. Dr. Eva Rohde

GMP-compliant manufacturing of biologically active cell-derived vesicles produced by extrusion technology

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by a variety of cell types have been shown to act as a natural delivery system for bioactive molecules such as RNAs and proteins. EV therapy holds great promise as a safe and cell-free therapy for many immunological and degenerative diseases. However, translation to clinical application is limited by several factors, including insufficient large-scale manufacturing technologies and low yield. We have developed a novel drug delivery platform technology, BioDrone™, based on cell-derived vesicles (CDVs) produced from diverse cell sources by using a proprietary extrusion process. This extrusion technology generates nanosized vesicles in far greater numbers than naturally obtained EVs. We demonstrate that the CDVs are surrounded by a lipid bilayer membrane with a correct membrane topology. Physical, biochemical and functional characterisation results demonstrate the potential of CDVs to act as effective therapeutics. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UCMSC)-derived CDVs exhibit a biological activity that is similar to UCMSCs or UCMSC-derived EVs. Lastly, we present the establishment of a GMP-compliant process to allow the production of a large number of UCMSC-CDVs in a reproducible manner. GMP-compliant manufacturing of CDVs will facilitate the preclinical and clinical evaluation of these emerging therapeutics in anti-inflammatory or regenerative medicine. This study also represents a crucial step in the development of this novel drug delivery platform based on CDVs. [get the paper]